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Bachelor of Theology

123 Semester Units are needed to graduate

Mission Statement
The mission of Methodist Theological Seminary in America is to educate students to be competent, dedicated, and Methodist leaders who will serve the Korean Churches and to advance the cause of Christ around the world.

Purpose and the Program Objectives
The Bachelor of Theology program offers students an opportunity to explore, academically and critically, the scriptural basis of traditional Christian faith and practice. This program emphasizes systematic, comprehensive, and critical study of the Christian Scriptures and of major Christian theological doctrines, spiritual disciplines, and ministry practices. Special emphasis is placed upon the historical context and development of the Biblical scriptures of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.

The goals of the biblical studies program are for students be equipped to:
1. become assistant minister (JDSN)
2. advance subsequently into Th.M. programs that are required for becoming pastor (Moksanim)
3. become lay leaders in their churches (i.e. elders, deacons, Sunday school teachers, home Bible study leaders, lay counselors, volunteer youth ministers, etc.)
4. develop advanced competencies in a specialized area

Admission Requirements
Anyone possessing a high school diploma or its equivalent meets the basic academic requirement for admission to the program. See the section on admissions criteria, earlier in this catalog, for additional requirements. Also, the following generally apply:

1. Recommended to be 18 years of age or older.
2. Have a high school Diploma or its equivalent. Foreign transcripts must be evaluated and approved prior to applying to the program.
3. Must have a cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or “C” average overall.
4. Functional ability to read and write English or Korean at the college level. Level test will be made.
5. Prospective student must complete an admission application for MTSA.

Special Notes:
a. Although not required, at least one letter of recommendation from someone who would endorse that the applicant possesses the necessary intellectual ability and mental attitude sufficient to complete the required courses within the required time frame will be helpful in evaluating the application.
b. The credentials of students educated in other countries will be evaluated individually. The official third party (transcript verification) verification will be made. Applicants may be required to present English translations of foreign language credentials.

Student ministry formation
MTSA is committed to equipping students to become full-time or lay leaders in Christian ministry. In order to serve God more effectively, all bachelor level students are required to participate in ministry outside of the class experience. It is the philosophy of MTSA that it is impossible to be equipped for ministry by merely studying in a classroom. Such competencies as learning to understand and related to people, learning to depend on more than one’s own abilities in ministry, developing a passion for ministry and mission, etc., require that students learn by doing. Perhaps that is part of the reason that Jesus requires service of his own disciples. MTSA believes that it is impossible for students to find their strengths, weakness, talents and gifts by actually being involved in ministry. This self-knowledge can help students find their niche in the Kingdom as well as plan how to improve in necessary areas. MTSA believes that it is important for our students, who have been blessed with an opportunity to study, to meet human needs and to contribute to the kingdom of God and its expansion.

Under the new student ministry guidelines, B.Th. students are required to complete six semesters of Christian service, Th.M. students are required to complete three semesters of Christian services and M.Div. student are required to complete four semesters of Christian service, each worth a half (B.Th.) and one credit (Master) hour. Christian service courses are graded pass/fail. Christian service is registered for during normal registration. The student should obtain a Christian service approval form from the office during registration. Students who need less than six semesters to graduate (i.e. transfer students) will not be required to complete six semesters of Christian service, but will be required to take the Christian service course every semester they study at MTSA.

When the student decides on the area of Christian service, he or she will sign up for that semester. He or she must then discuss and receive approval by the ministry supervisor. Once approved by the ministry supervisor, the student must submit the student Ministry approval form to the Dean of students at the Christian service chapel that is scheduled for every Tuesday of each week. These forms should be completed completely. Students will also be grouped into teams. Team members are expected to pray for each other, encourage each other, and meet as a team with an assigned mentor three times during the semester.

Approximately at the mid-point of the semester the student must have the supervisor evaluate his or her ministry and submit the supervisor evaluation form to the dean of students. At the end of the semester the following forms are to be submitted to the dean of students: 1) the ministry supervisor evaluation form, 2) the student self-evaluation form and 3) Christian service survey.

Program Requirements
Students receive the Bachelor of Theology degree when they fulfill the following program requirements:

The general education (GE) requirement: 36 units
The Bible and Theology requirement: 48 units
Professional Studies: 24 units
Unit requirement: A minimum of 123 units
Residence requirement: 62 units to be taken at MTSA

General Education Requirement: 36 Units

• NS101 Introduction to Natural Science (3)
• LA111 Writing Workshop (3)
• LA112 Introduction to Philosophy (3)
• LA113 Introduction to Psychology (3)
• LA211 Introduction to Religious Sociology (3)
• LA212 Church History (3)
• LA213 World Religions (3)
• LA214 Introduction to Greek (3)
• LA215 Introduction to Hebrew (3)
• LA311 Enlightenment Philosophy (3)
• LA312 Reformation History (3)
• LA411 Korean Methodist Church History (3)

Bible and Theology Requirement: 48 Units

Theological Studies: 24 Units
• TS311 Introduction to Systematic Theology (3)
• TS312 Introduction to Christian Ethics (3)
• TS411 Doctrine of God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit (3)
• TS412 Protestant Theology (3)
• TS413 Methodist Theology (3)
• TS414 Modern Theology (3)
• TS415 History of Doctrine (3)
• TS416 Women in Church History and Theology (3)

Biblical Studies: 24 Units
• BS321 Introduction to Old Testament (3)
• BS323 Hermeneutics of Old Testament (3)
• BS421 Theology of Old Testament (3)
• BS322 Introduction to New Testament (3)
• BS324 Hermeneutics of New Testament (3)
• BS422 Theology of New Testament (3)
• BS423 Pentateuch (3)
• BS424 Pauline Theology (3)

Professional Studies: 21 Units

• PS331 Introduction to Practical Theology (3)
• PS332 Missiology (3)
• PS333 Christian Spirituality (3)
• PS334 Introduction to Christian Education (3)
• PS431 Pastoral Counseling (3)
• PS432 Homiletics (3)
• PS433 Development of Education Program (3)
• PS439 Church Internship (6sem.) 0.5/sem. (3)

Electives: 15 Units

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

General Education

NS101 Introduction to Natural Science (3units)
This course is a study of what the nature of the relationship between two crucial forces, science and religion for Western civilization, their conflict, and their influence each other in pursuit of knowledge and truth.

LA111 Writing Workshop (3 units)
This course focuses on developing essential writing skills at the sentence and paragraph levels. Emphasizes fluency in the writing process through use of invention strategies, drafting, revising, and editing in order to produce organized and coherent writing.

LA112 Introduction to Philosophy (3 units)
This course is a study of philosophical methods and how these methods may serve as a means of integrating learning and faith.

LA113 Introduction to Psychology (3 units)
This course surveys the major principles of psychology. It introduces the history of psychology and its methodologies.

LA211 Introduction to Religious Sociology (3 units)
This course is an examination of religion in its social context to understand the intricate relations of religion, culture and society.

LA212 Church History (3 units)
This course is a general introduction to the first 2,000 years of the history of the Christian church.

LA213 World Religions (3 units)
This course is a general introduction to the basic religious concerns of humanity, and the ways in which religions have developed in Eastern and Western history, giving intellectual, moral, and institutional expression to the meaning of human existence.

LA214 Introduction to Greek (3units)
This course is a basic introduction to the vocabulary, grammar, and syntax Koine Greek as the original written language of the New Testament. Emphasis is given to learning: the Greek alphabet, proper pronunciation, simple vocabulary, and the most foundational grammatical constructions.

LA215 Introduction to Hebrew (3units)
This course is a basic introduction to the vocabulary, grammar, and syntax of biblical Hebrew. Emphasis is given to learning the Hebrew alphabet, proper pronunciation, simple vocabulary, and the most foundational grammatical constructions.

LA311 Philosophy of Enlightenment (3units)
This course is a critical examination of one member of the family of philosophical and political movements that called itself "the Enlightenment."
*Prerequisite: LA112 or instructor’s approval

LA312 Reformation History (3units)
This course is a study of Protestant and Roman Catholic Reformations in Church and doctrine from A.D. 1300 to 1800 with special emphasis on those aspects of the thought of Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin and John Wesley.
*Prerequisite: LA212 or instructor’s approval

LA411 Korean Methodist Church History (3units)
This course is a basic introduction of the Korean Methodist church history from the nineteen century up to now. It covers the birth, growth, schism, revival of the Korean Methodist church and the Diaspora churches in America.
*Prerequisite: LA212 or instructor’s approval

 

Theological studies

TS311 Introduction to Systematic Theology (3units)
This course is a systematic study of the Christian faith from a Wesleyan perspective with emphasis on the doctrines of salvation, God, Jesus, Holy Spirit and the Churches. Related areas covered will be the way of salvation, the teaching and life of holiness, the nature of ministry, the sacraments, and so on.

TS312 Introduction to Christian Ethics (3 units)
This course is a study of various areas in personal and social ethics as they relate to the Christian life.

TS411 Doctrine of God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit (3units)
This course is a systematic and analytical study of the Christian doctrine of God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit. This course focuses on their relationship and their function in the Trinity, and on their origin of these doctrines, their development from the Church Fathers to reformers and contemporary theological applications of these doctrines after the Reformation.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

TS412 Protestant Theology (3units)
This course is a study of the rise and development of Protestant thought, considering how Christians conceptualized challenges to established ideas, norms, and institutional structures during and after the Reformation. This course is specially focusing on theologies of Martin Luther, John Calvin and John Wesley.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

TS413 Methodist Theology (3 units)
This course is a study of an overview of the history and doctrine of the Methodist movement. This course is focusing on the life, work, and theology of John Wesley and the Wesleyan roots of Methodism as well as on the Korean Methodist experience.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

TS414 Modern Theology (3 units)
This course is a study of major nineteenth and twentieth century Christian theologians who have contributed to theological and cultural development. Special attention is given to the intellectual impact of the Enlightenment and major historical events of the nineteenth and twentieth century on the formation of contemporary theology.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

TS415 History of Doctrine (3units)
This course is a study of the historical development of selected doctrines, with attention to the development of each theological theme from the church fathers to the present day.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

TS416 Women in Church History and Theology (3units)
This course is a study of women’s experiences and contributions in the church from the post-apostolic period through the Protestant Reformation. This course seeks to explore the women’s vital role in the birth and development of Christianity. But through the church history, their voice and role in the church are poorly or hardly acknowledged. This course is to correct this oversight by attempting to prove and/or validate the essentiality of women in church history, and to examine the importance of women and the roles women have played in the development of the Church.
* Prerequisite: TS311 or instructor’s approval

 

Biblical Studies

BS321 Introduction to Old Testament (3 units)
This course is an introductory study of the Old Testament with emphasis on the historical and literary analysis of each book of the Old Testament. This course examines the intention of each book on the basis of the relation of text, setting and readers. This course includes the how the OT texts apply to the contemporary readers to change their lives.

BS322 Introduction to New Testament (3 units)
This course is an introductory study of the New Testament with emphasis on the historical and literary analysis of each book of the NT. This course examines the intention of each book on the basis of the relation of text, setting and readers. This course includes the how the NT texts apply to the contemporary readers to change their lives.

BS323 Hermeneutics of Old Testament (3 units)
This course is a study of the interpretation of the OT. This course introduces various historical criticisms and newly introduced literary criticisms and offers exegetical method to understand the present text and to apply it to the Christian life.

BS324 Hermeneutics of New Testament (3 units)
This course is a study of the interpretation of the NT. This course introduces various historical criticisms and newly introduced literary criticisms and offers exegetical method to understand the present text and to apply it to the Christian life.

BS421 Theology of Old Testament (3 units)
This course will survey the historical, literary, cultural and theological heritage in ancient Israel from its earliest beginnings to the start of the Christian era. Special attention will be paid to the geographical and historical contexts in which the Jewish scriptures arose, their social settings, political biases, and theological message
* Prerequisite: BS321 or instructor’s approval

BS422 Theology of New Testament (3 units)
This course will survey the historical, literary, cultural and theological heritage in early churches. Special attention will be paid to the historical and theological issues that threatened the existence of the early churches. This course also offers the social settings, political biases, and theological message of each book of the NT.
* Prerequisite: BS322 or instructor’s approval

BS423 Pentateuch (3 units)
This course examines the various theories about the development of the Pentateuch from the oral stage to the final form. This course also examines the structure, historical setting and the intention of the Pentateuch.
* Prerequisite: BS321 or instructor’s approval

BS424 Pauline Theology (3 units)
This course is a study of the letters of Paul in terms of their literary and theological issues and in the context of early Christianity.
* Prerequisite: BS322 or instructor’s approval

 

Professional Studies

PS331 Introduction to Practical Theology (3units)
This course is an introductory study of the practical theology. This course offers students to make essential connections between theology and ministry. This course examines the methods of application of the theoretical theology to the ministry field.

PS332 Missiology (3units)
This course is a study of basic understanding of Missiology. This course combines intercultural studies, anthropology, history, cross-cultural communications and theology. This introductory overview of the church's global mission will include a look at biblical motivations, historical background and current strategies.

PS333 Christian Spirituality (3units)
This course is an introduction of the Christian Spirituality. This course examines the development of Christian spirituality as articulated by select spiritual writers with attention to its essential elements.
* Prerequisite: PS331 or instructor’s approval

PS334 Introduction to Christian Education (3units)
A study of educational philosophies with an emphasis on promoting Christian growth through educational planning and evaluation.

PS431 Pastoral Counseling (3units)
This course provides an examination of theories of counseling with an emphasis on principles and techniques integral to Christian practice of counseling.

PS432 Homiletics (3units)
This course provides a classroom experience dealing with the call to preach; the spiritual formation of the preacher; effective preaching; sermon preparation resources; the composition of sermon introductions, bodies and conclusions; the contemporary techniques of public communication.
* Prerequisite: PS331 or instructor’s approval

PS433 Development of Education Program (3units)
This course will be explored theoretical foundations and practical applications of the teaching-learning process, informed by findings from psychology, pedagogy, and theology. A comprehensive model of Christian education and formation will be developed, paying particular attention to major learning theories, the processes and stages of human development, curriculum and lesson development, and effective methods of teaching.
* Prerequisite: PS334 or instructor’s approval

PS439 Church Internship (6 semester) 0.5 unit/semester
Church internship is designed to give students a supervised and evaluated pastoral experience in the local church, while providing a foundation for guided theological reflection, integration, and ministry formation. The internship course has three primary components: ministry practice, supervision, and theological reflection.